Most frequently, a sudden blow or trauma to the head that interferes with normal brain function results in a TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury). TBIs fall into one of two categories: open-head damage or concrete-head damage. Although connecting with a Philadelphia brain injury attorney can help you get through all the queries, this guide lists the typical kinds of traumatic brain injuries. Have a look. 


A moderate traumatic brain injury (TBI) may cause headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ears, memory loss, disorientation, and other typical traumatic brain injury symptoms. (Happens commonly in auto accidents)

Coup-contrecoup Injuries

Your brain frequently strikes the interior of your skull as a result of an external force, inflicting damage on various brain regions. For instance, imagine being in a car accident and having your head violently thrust forward, toward the steering wheel, and then back into the headrest.

One of the most severe forms of TBI, diffuse axonal injuries (DAI) result from the brain being shaken or twisted, which tears the connecting fibers (axons). The extent of the symptoms is frequently influenced by the amount of the tear.

An intracranial hematoma is a collection of blood outside of blood vessels that, if not treated right away, could be fatal. Brain hematomas come in three different varieties:

  • Epidural hematomas: Blood clot/collection between the brain and the skull 
    • Subdural hematoma: Blood accumulation under the thin sheath of tissue that surrounds the brain is known as a 
  • Intracerebral hematoma: blood clots inside the brain itself

These typical TBIs are presented separately, although TBI victims who have been in accidents frequently have a combination of brain injuries.

Primary Reasons for Traumatic Brain Injuries

TBIs are more frequently caused by some accidents than by others. These consist of:


The main cause of TBIs falls. Young children and older people are more likely to sustain a TBI from a fall. Examples include falling from a bed, off a ladder, downstairs, on a slippery surface, etc.

Conflicted With Or Against An Object 

Being knocked by or against a body ranks as the second most common reason for TBIs. When a falling object strikes a person’s head, such as a pipe from a construction site or a ceiling tile, the force of the impact can be enough to damage the brain.

Automotive Accidents 

When a victim of a car accident hits their head on the dashboard or another hard surface, TBIs frequently result. Whiplash can potentially result in a traumatic brain injury (TBI) if the jarring forces are enough to force the skull to strike the interior of the skull.